How is the TOEFL Scored?

The highest TOEFL iBT score is 120 points.

There are four sections–Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing–and each section has a maximum score of 30 points.

Reading

This section is scored by how well you answer multiple-choice or drag-and-drop questions. There are three reading passages, each with 12 to 14 questions.

  • Thus, 36 to 42 total questions determine your Reading section score.
Listening

This section is scored by how well you answer multiple-choice or drag-and-drop questions. There are four lectures, each with 6 questions, and two conversations, each with 5 questions.

  • Thus, 34 questions determine your Listening section score.
Speaking

This section is scored by how well you answer four tasks. For each task, you must record an audio answer that lasts either 45 seconds or 60 seconds. Before you record an answer to a task, you sometimes have to read or listen to material.

  • Each of the four tasks are graded from 0 to 4 points. This means that you receive a total number of graded points from 0 to 16 points. This number is then converted by ETS by a formula that gives you a score from 0 to 30.
Writing

This section is scored by how well you answer two tasks. For each task, you must type a written answer. For the first task, you have 20 minutes to type an answer that should be at least 150 words. For the second task, you have 30 minutes to type an answer that should be at least 300 words.

  • Each of the two tasks are graded from 0 to 5 points. This means that you receive a total number of graded points from 0 to 10 points. This number is then converted by ETS by a formula that gives you a TOEFL score from 0 to 30.

For a breakdown of how to interpret your scores, visit ETS’s page about it, linked here.

Looking to improve your scores? Take a ScoreNexus TOEFL Practice Test, which will provide you with 100% accurate grading and personalized feedback! For more information, read up on our help articles here.

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